IELTS Essay Types - Reasons and Solutions

by shayan shafaghaty
(Iran)

Congestion

Congestion

Car ownership has increased so rapidly over the past thirty years that many cities in the world are now 'one big traffic jam'.

How true do think this statement is?

What measures can government take to discourage people from using their car?


Please help me. I do not know how to answer this essay's question? Which type it is?

Comments for IELTS Essay Types - Reasons and Solutions

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Jan 11, 2020
Reasons and Solutions Type Essay
by: IELTS buddy

Don't get too worried about labelling an essay as a particular 'type' if it is not immediately obvious what it is.

Yes there are certain types that essays can be categorised as but not all fit these 'types' and anyway they may be worded in a way that you don't see it.

In this case the first part is asking for your opinion - so you will need to state your opinion and then give reasons why you hold that opinion. Then you are asked for solutions to the problem mentioned.

But just focus on answering the one or two questions that you are asked to. In this case it is:

1) Is it true that cities are now 'one big traffic jam'?
2) How can governments discourage car use?


So think of your answer to the first one.

Let's say for you it is 'YES'. Well in this case simply say in the first sentence of your first body paragraph that it is very true (in other words you strongly agree), then give reasons why.

You would explain all the issues with traffic congestion and the problems people have getting to work or to town etc. Say how in some cities for example it takes people two hours just to get to work.

Then in your second body paragraph give some suggestions of what the government could do. For example they could introduce congestion charges, improve public transport etc.

Do those two things and you will have answered the question and done so in an organised and logical way.

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