This lesson provides further practice on IELTS true false not given reading questions.
Before looking at the questions for the reading, you should take a quick look at the reading passage and get an idea of what it is about.
This will help you tackle the questions.
Follow this link for some general strategies on IELTS true false not given reading questions.
A particular problem, though, for students is spotting the difference between something that is 'False' and 'Not Given'.
Firstly see if the statement agrees with what is in the reading. If it does it is true. If not it is obviously false or not given.
The important point is that if you can say 100% from what you are given in the text that the statement you have been given is not true, then it is 'false'.
If the evidence is not there to say that it is false, that means that it could be true or false but you don't know - you cannot know from the information you have been given.
Using these strategies, look at this reading and answer the questions that follow.
UN warns over impact of rapidly ageing populations
The world needs to do more to prepare for the impact of a rapidly ageing population, the UN has warned - particularly in developing countries. Within 10 years the number of people aged over 60 will pass one billion, a report by the UN Population Fund said. The demographic shift will present huge challenges to countries' welfare, pension and healthcare systems. The UN agency also said more had to be done to tackle "abuse, neglect and violence against older persons".
Source: BBC News Website
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading?
TRUE - if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE - if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN - if there is no information on this
1) The growth of the elderly population is going to make it extremely difficult to provide adequate social service provision - TRUE
Social services are things such as welfare benefits, pensions and health, so this statement is the same as this in the reading:
The demographic shift will present huge challenges to countries' welfare, pension and healthcare systems.
2) Approximately thirty per cent of the population are over 60 years old - FALSE
30% is not the same as one in nine, so the text contradicts the statement:
A Celebration and a Challenge, estimates that one in nine people around the world are older than 60.
3) Developed countries are much better prepared than developing countries for 2050 – NOT GIVEN
In the reading, we are told that developing countries are not prepared. This does imply that developed countries are better prepared. However, do you know if they are much better prepared?
It is quite possible they are much better prepared compared to developing countries so we can’t say for sure it is false. We don’t know as the information is not given.
"In many developing countries with large populations of young people, the challenge is that governments have not put policies and practices in place to support their current older populations or made enough preparations for 2050," the agencies said in a joint statement.
4) More financing is necessary to ensure new pension schemes are successful – TRUE
The above statement means the same as this sentence which was written in reference to pension schemes:
It stressed that it was not enough to simply pass legislation - the new schemes needed to be funded properly.
5) Elderly people in India are not always being looked after as well as they were in the past – TRUE
These parts tell us the same thing as above:
Traditionally…people have been well looked after. But…many of the country's elderly are finding themselves cast out.
6) India is starting to deal with the neglect of its elderly population – FALSE
You will often need to understand synonyms in the reading test. ‘Deal with’ means the same as ‘get to grips with’. This sentence tells us India is NOT dealing with its problems, so the information in the text contradicts the statement:
…one which India still has not got to grips with, our correspondent says.
7) Bolivian Families tend to look after their elderly relatives better than many other countries – NOT GIVEN
You may have chosen ‘true’ here, but the paragraph does not tell you if Bolivian families look after their elderly better. It explains that they get more pension and are involved in some community activities:
All Bolivians over the age of 60 get a pension that is the equivalent of about $30 (£19) a month. Bolivia suffers from frequent flooding and landslides, and older people there have been organised into "Brigadas Blancas" - White Haired Brigades. They help with preparations for emergencies, and accessing humanitarian aid.
Is it possible that Bolivian families tend to look after their elderly relatives better than many other countries? It’s quite possible but we don’t know. We can’t disprove it from the reading so it is ‘not given’.
Multiple Choice & Scanning
True, False, Not Given
Matching Paragraph Headings
Multiple Choice / Skimming and Scanning
Guessing meaning from context
IELTS Reading Strategies
IELTS Short Answer Questions
IELTS Gapped Summary