IELTS Line Graph: Proportion of Elderly Population
by Dian Pisesa
The graph shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries
The line graph illustrates the proportion of the population aged 65 and above in three different countries (USA, Sweden, and Japan) between a century (1940-2040). At the first glance, it can clearly be seen that the proportion of all population in all countries as mentioned above rise significantly over the period.
At the beginning, people who aged 65 and over accounted approximately 9% among whole population in USA. That was slightly above Sweden which stood at around 7% at 1940. The percentage of aged 65 and over in USA and Sweden rose gradually with a similar pattern from 1940 to 2020, specifically, In the end of 1990s, the figure of Sweden took over the USA at around 15%. This trend remain continued over the period and in the end of the period (1940) the proportion of population aged 65 and over in USA and Sweden predicted to achieved 22,5% and 25% respectively.
Different with USA and Sweden, Japan started the figured at the lowest level at 5 % in 1940. Furthermore, unlike the 2 countries before, the proportion of old people in Japan then declined until around 1985 before it gradually rose between 1985 to 2030. From 2030 to 2040, the proportion of people aged 65 and more is forecasted to increase dramatically from 10% to around 27,5% at the end of the period which it will be the highest figure among all countries measured.
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