Before looking at a longer reading, we'll have a practice with two paragraphs. It is the first part of the full reading you will do.
Identify the key word in the question first of all. Then scan the text to find it. When you have done this, read the sentences around this key word and see what information best matches the three choices you have.
To answer this question you should have highlighted the word dry farming.
You should then have been able to scan the two paragraphs to quickly find this word.
Reading the information around it more carefully would the give you the answer:
Cultivating means to improve and prepare (land) by ploughing or fertilizing, for raising crops.
So the answer was "the ploughing of fallow land...to eventually be cultivated."
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Multiple Choice & Scanning
True, False, Not Given
Matching Paragraph Headings
Multiple Choice / Skimming and Scanning
Guessing meaning from context
IELTS Reading Strategies
IELTS Short Answer Questions
IELTS Gapped Summary
Understanding Not Given Questions