This IELTS Reading true false not given exercise will help you to improve your ability to answer these types of question.
They always present problems for students, particularly because of the difficulty in understanding the difference between answers that are 'false' or 'not given'.
In true, false, not given questions you are given some 'factual' statements taken from the reading and you have to decide if they match what is actually stated in the reading.
Reading in Detail
An important part of doing this is making sure that you read in detail the part of the text where you think the answer is.
You can skim the text to find where the answer is, but you must read that part very carefully to decide if it matches the statement.
This also of course means making sure you read the question / statement carefully. You must fully understand it in order to find the answer and assess them against each other.
Understanding the Statements
If the statement is true then it will exactly match the facts given in the reading. But remember that does not mean they will be written in exactly the same way.
The statement will be a paraphrase of what is in the text. That's one reason why you have to read very carefully.
If the statement is false that means it contradicts or is opposite to the information given in the reading.
This means that you cannot tell if the statement is true or false from looking at the reading. The information to make the decision as regards true or false is not there.
Understanding 'Not Given' Questions
These questions are notorious for getting candidates confused.
A not given question does not mean that there is no information in the statement that can be seen in the text.
You will find something related to the statement in the text and using some of the same words.
The point is that you won't have the information there to make a decision as to whether it is true or false.
Take a look at the paragraph below taken from a reading in a real IELTS test, and the statement below it which is a 'not given' statement connected to the paragraph.
The reading was about the intelligence of ants.
Sample 'Not Given' Question
When we survey Mexico City, Tokyo, Los Angeles, we are amazed at what has been accomplished by humans. Yet Hoelldobler and Wilson's magnificent work for ant lovers, The Ants, describes a super colony of the ant Formica yessensis on the Ishikari Coast of Hokkaido. This 'megalopolis' was reported to be composed of 360 million workers and a million queens living in 4,500 interconnected nests across a territory of 2.7 square kilometres. Such enduring and intricately meshed levels of technical achievement outstrip by far anything achieved by our distant relatives.
Ants can build large cities more quickly than humans do.
If you had the whole reading in the test and you skimmed it to find the answer you would likely be drawn to this paragraph as it talks about 'large cities'. 'humans', and how ants have 'outstripped' (exceeded / done better) anything achieved by humans in the past.
If you rush or don't read it carefully and in detail you may be tempted to mark it 'True' because a lot of the information that is in the statement is in the paragraph.
But although some of the information from the statement is there it does not say that ants can build large cities more quickly than humans. It just says that their 'technical achievements' exceeds that of those humans who build those cities.
You may also be tempted to mark it 'False' as you think of course ants can't build large cities more quickly than humans!
But again, you can't decide something on your assumptions or what you know or believe to be true if it isn't in the reading.
Exactly what is in the statement must also be in the reading. If it is not there it is 'Not Given'.
These are some general tips for True, False, Not Given questions:
Read the question / statement carefully to make sure you fully understand it.
Underline / note any keywords in it that you can use to skim and find where the matching information is in the text.
They follow in chronological order so once you have found the first one, the others will follow (the next could be in the same paragraph, the next paragraph or further on though).
Be aware of words that can subtly change the meaning of a sentence such as "many", "some", "occasionally" etc.
Don't waste too much time on one question. If you can't find the answer then mark it 'not given' - you have a one in three chance it will be correct.
IELTS Reading True False Not Given Exercises
Now you can practice this with these IELTS Reading True False Not Given Exercises.
It's not quite the same as a real reading test from IELTS because you are given the question under each paragraph. This means that the skimming element is missing from this IELTS Reading True False Not Given Exercise.
In the real test of course, the reading is separate from the questions. The point of it is so you can focus instead on analysing the statement and text and decide on the correct answer.
When you have made your choice, click the 'show / hide' answer tab and you can see if you are correct. There is also a short explanation.
The reading is about how women in Sudan are taking weight gaining pills in order to make themselves more attractive.
The Quest for Beauty
While skin bleaching is a long-standing cosmetic staple across Sudan, a newer craze is sweeping the nation. Many young women are turning to prescription pills in order to gain weight, and hopefully gain the curvaceous figures they see as the standard of beauty. Away from the regulation of trained pharmacists, fattening pills are illegally dispensed by the same small shops which sell topical bleaching creams and other popular beauty fixes. Sold individually, in small bags and emptied sweet containers, they are completely devoid of any information about medical risks.
1. People do not get any information about the dangers to their health when they purchase unregulated weight gain pills.
Away from the regulation of trained pharmacists, fattening pills are illegally dispensed by the same small shops which sell topical bleaching creams and other popular beauty fixes. Sold individually, in small bags and emptied sweet containers, they are completely devoid of any information about medical risks.
It says that when people buy the pills that are not regulated by pharmacists, there is nothing provided (devoid of) about the medical risks (dangers to their health).
It is difficult to estimate how many women in Sudan use these products to gain weight, because many are reluctant to admit to it. "Pills are handed out in the village like penny sweets," says Imitithal Ahmed, a student at the University of Khartoum. "I've always been scared to use them because I've seen family members fall ill and close friends become dependent on appetite stimulants. My aunt is on the brink of kidney failure and has blocked arteries from taking too many fattening pills, trying to get a bigger bum. Everyone in the family knows why she's sick, but she won't own up to it. She's had to stop taking the pills on doctor's orders."
2. Since a large number of women in Sudan are not willing to reveal that they take the pills, the exact number of women using them is not known.
It is difficult to estimate how many women in Sudan use these products to gain weight, because many are reluctant to admit to it.
You need to look out for different language used, as the statement will be paraphrased from the original.
For example, "not willing to reveal" instead of "relectant to admit it".
Pills are often rebranded and given catchy street names which allude to their effects. From The Neighbours' Shock to Chicken Thighs and My Mama Suspects, the clinical name of pills are forgotten and replaced by promises of a bigger bottom, shapely thighs and a belly that will have your mother concerned that you might be pregnant. Tablets range from standard appetite stimulants to allergy medicines containing the steroid hormone, cortisone. The side-effects of taking cortisone are now a cash cow for pill peddlers. It is known to slow the metabolism, increase appetite, trigger water retention and create extra deposits of fat around the abdomen and face.
3. Promoting the clinical name of the pills helps the sellers to focus on the weight gaining aspects associated with them.
Pills are often rebranded and given catchy street names which allude to their effects. From The Neighbours' Shock to Chicken Thighs and My Mama Suspects, the clinical name of pills are forgotten and replaced by promises of a bigger bottom, shapely thighs and a belly that will have your mother concerned that you might be pregnant.
The answer is the opposite to the statement. In the statement it says that the sellers use the clinical name of the pills to sell them. But in the reading it says that they are rebranded using street names, and then people forget the clinical name.
(This question is again from paragraph three, so take a look at it again above)
4. Those selling the pills are making more money on them than other types of pills.
This is the information you may have been drawn to in seeking the answer to this question:
The side-effects of taking cortisone are now a cash cow for pill peddlers.
This is saying the weight gained by taking the pills (the side-effects) are making a lot of money for those selling them.
You may have therefore been tempted to mark it 'True' but it does not say that they are making more money than they do selling other types of pills.
Maybe they are and this is a good assumption, but you can't answer a question as true on the basis of an assumption. It must clearly state it in the reading but it doesn't. So it is 'not given'.
Using unregulated steroids without supervision can damage the heart, liver, kidneys and thyroid, says Dr Salah Ibrahim, Head of the Pharmacists' Union in Sudan. He explains that cortisone is a naturally occurring hormone in the body, helping to regulate vital bodily functions. But when a man-made, concentrated version enters the body in the form of pills or topical bleaching creams, the brain gives the body a signal to stop production. If a user suddenly stops taking the substance, their major organs can spiral into dysfunction.
5. The body's cortisone production will eventually return to normal once a person stops taking the pills.
This is the information you will have been drawn to in seeking the answer to this question:
...cortisone is a naturally occurring hormone in the body, helping to regulate vital bodily functions. But when a man-made, concentrated version enters the body in the form of pills or topical bleaching creams, the brain gives the body a signal to stop production. If a user suddenly stops taking the substance, their major organs can spiral into dysfunction.
This says that cortisone is naturally occuring in the body, but when the pills are taken, the body stops producing it naturally. Organs can then suffer if the pills are stopped.
That might suggest the statement is false as it talks about a 'return to normal' when taking the pills ceases. However, the statement says that eventually (so some time in the future) the production will go back to normal.
It's quite possible this will happen but we really don't know that from the reading. The reading just tells us what happens to the organs immediately after suddenly stopping taking the pill. Assuming the person does not die, their production levels may go back to normal.
So as we don't have that information in the reading, it is 'not given'.
Young women in Sudan are dying from kidney and heart failure caused by sudden steroid withdrawal, medical professionals say. Fatalities are especially common among new brides, who traditionally undergo a month of intense beautification prior to their wedding day and then abruptly stop using fattening pills and steroidal bleaching creams. Their deaths are put down to sudden organ failure.
6. Intense usage in the month after marriage followed by sudden withdrawal is resulting in a high death rate for newly wed women.
Fatalities are especially common among new brides, who traditionally undergo a month of intense beautification prior to their wedding day and then abruptly stop using fattening pills and steroidal bleaching creams.
The statement says the month after marriage, but the reading says the month prior (before) marriage.
Yet these horrifying beauty trends continue to gain traction. Prescription pill abuse is taking off in Sudan's conservative society, partly because it lacks the social stigma and pungent, giveaway odour of alcohol and cannabis. University students flock to buy the potent painkiller Tramadol, which is sold for 20 Sudanese pounds ($1; 80 pence) per pill. Some of Khartoum's roadside tea-sellers are even known to drop the painkiller in a cup of tea, upon a coded request.
7. Sudanise society does not view the absue of prescription pills as negatively as it does other drugs such as alcohol and cannabis.
Prescription pill abuse is taking off in Sudan's conservative society, partly because it lacks the social stigma and pungent, giveaway odour of alcohol and cannabis.
The statement says the abuse of pills doesn't have the stigma attached to it like alcohol and cannabis do, so it is 'true'.
Awareness campaigns have so far had very little impact. Dr Ibrahim, Head of the Pharmacists Union, has made numerous appearances on national television to warn of the dangers of prescription pill abuse. At university level, pharmacists are taught vigilance and trained to act in keeping with ethics and pharmaceutical law. But in a country where pharmacists and doctors are paid very little, the temptation to sell pills to illegal vendors is overwhelming for some. "Last time I went to the beauty shop I go to for my creams, the shop owner brought out a chocolate box full of different fattening pills," says Ms Ahmed, the Khartoum student. "Girls are too scared to ask pharmacists and doctors about the pills they buy from beauty shops, for fear of being publicly shamed."
7. Awareness campaigns are becoming common on national television.
This is where you find a similar part to the statement:
Dr Ibrahim, Head of the Pharmacists Union, has made numerous appearances on national television to warn of the dangers of prescription pill abuse.
However, this is not the same as the statement. This says that Dr. Ibrahim has appeared on television many times. That does not mean that awareness campaigns more generally are commonly appearing on television.
We are not told if that is the case or not, so the answer is not given in the reading.
(This question is again from the above paragraph, so take a look at it again)
4. The low pay of doctors and pharmacists contributes to the problem of weight pill abuse.
This is where you find a similar part to the statement:
But in a country where pharmacists and doctors are paid very little, the temptation to sell pills to illegal vendors is overwhelming for some.
This section clearly states the same thing as the statement, as it states that their low pay means they are tempted to sell pills to vendors.
Police may arrest traders and block smuggling routes, but the profits for rogue pharmacists keep growing regardless. Fattening pills are poured into the black market, deemed to be the lesser evil. Sudan isn't the only African society where being overweight is a symbol of prosperity and power, boosting the "marriageability" of young women. But in this country, it embodies an ideal. It defines the ultimate Sudanese woman - full-bodied and light-skinned - epitomising beauty and coveted as a wife. The iconic status of Nada Algalaa, a Sudanese singer whose looks are widely praised and emulated, is testament in itself. For some women, it is an ideal to be acquired by any means necessary.
7. Being overweight is a sign of prosperity and power throughout African countries.
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