Objectives: to practice how to answer IELTS sentence completion tasks and to examine paraphrase and synonyms.
Often in the reading the test requires the candidate to complete a sentence.
In this type of task, you are given a sentences from the reading with a gap in it. You have to fill it with words taken directly from the reading.
Check if the question tells you to use the exact words from the reading - some do not.
When doing this, various factors are important to keep in mind:
As the statement you are given in IELTS sentence completion tasks will not be taken exactly from the reading, you need to be aware of paraphrasing and synonyms.
These will both be used in the questions. This is what they mean:
Paraphrase: to repeat something written or spoken using different words
Synonym: a word or phrase which has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word or phrase in the same language
So when you look at the question, you will need to find a paraphrase of that sentence and probably some synomyms in the reading in order to find the right one, and then work out the answer.
Let's have a short IELTS sentence completion practice before completing the task.
Firstly, before you click to show the answer, see if you can find the sentence in the reading below.
You will need to find paraphrases / synonyms of the words in bold in order to identify it:
Show/Hide the Answer
Britain decided to send people to live and govern Australia due to a _________________ factors.
You should have identified it as this first sentence in paragraph 2:
A number of reasons contributed to Britain's decision to colonise Australia.
And these were the paraphrases / synomyms:
reasons = factors
Colonise = send people to live and govern
So you should then be able to work out that the correct answer to put in the gap is "number of".
Now, using this technique and the tips at the top, read the full passage and do the IELTS sentence completion exercise below (the reading is shorter than a real IELTS reading).
Complete the following statements using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.
(put your choice into the gaps - use small letters and don't put any spaces after your last word)
These are the paraphrases and synomyms that you would have needed to identify in order to successfully find the answers:
|Original word from the reading||Synomym / paraphrase from the question|
|Question 2||most important factor||major consideration|
|Question 3||entry point||access|
|region||part of the world|
|Question 4||all these points figured||took every factor into account|
|openess||lack of cover|
*Note that "penal colony" would be an acceptable answer for question 1 and "colonization" (with a 'z' i.e. American spelling) for question 4.
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True, False, Not Given
Matching Paragraph Headings
Multiple Choice / Skimming and Scanning
Guessing meaning from context
IELTS Reading Strategies
IELTS Short Answer Questions
IELTS Gapped Summary
Understanding Not Given Questions