This IELTS reading example focuses on the following IELTS reading question types:
1. B - led to more global trade.
The globalised modern economy depends on the rapid and efficient movement of goods that containerisation allows. In many ways it was the advent of the container that allowed this globalised economy to develop.
2. C - was initially for military purposes.
Invented during World War two as an efficient method of moving equipment to the front lines
"front lines" = a military line formed by the most advanced tactical combat units
3. A - prevent the need for companies to hold large amounts of stock.
companies no longer keep large warehouses of stock or parts
4. C - make trade between countries on different sides of the world easier.
This means that companies rely more and more on the prompt delivery of parts from their suppliers to fulfill orders. This is particularly true of industries such as computer manufacture, which no longer make all the parts of the products that bear their names, but instead out source, often to suppliers half way around the world.
5. A - has nearly double the amount of trade as that of the Europe-Far East trade route..
At 11 million TEU...a year, it is almost twice the volume of Europe-Far East trade and three times the size of trans-Atlantic traffic..
6. E - has witnessed a substantial decrease in container trade.
However after the 1990s there was a dramatic fall off in trade. Trans-Pacific trade, for example, fell to 50% of its 1990s high.
(It's not B, C or D, as they refer to all the routes, not just the Trans-Pacific)
7. rest some
Their response has been to cut services, rest some of the older ships and share the burden amongst themselves.
At first, containers reduced theft as it was more difficult for casual thieves to get into the containers.
9. use by terrorists
Increasingly, the huge number of containers and their self-contained and enclosed nature has been raising worries about their possible use by terrorists.
10. difficult to track
Containers are also extremely difficult to track and monitor. This is because they pass through so many countries and jurisdictions and because they can travel on both land and sea.
11. delays in delivery
Additionally, it might cause delays in delivery that would disrupt international trade and industry out of proportion to the good the searches do.
12. cause problems
They are one of the cornerstones of global trade, but many yet cause problems their inventors never envisaged.
"I think these eBooks are FANTASTIC!!! I know that's not academic language, but it's the truth!"
Linda, from Italy, Scored Band 7.5