IELTS Computer Delivered Tests + Band Score

Rural to Urban Migration Essay

In this rural to urban migration essay, you have to examine the trend for young people to move from rural areas to the city in order to study or work. 

Remember you should start by examining the question very carefully.

In many countries, young people are leaving their homes in rural areas to study or work in cities.

What do you think are the reasons for this?

Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

So you need to say:

  • Why young people are moving
  • Whether overall this is a positive or negative development

As the question mentions study and work, you should try to address these in your essay.

Think about why work or study may be more tempting to younger people in the city as opposed to rural areas. 

Rural to Urban MigrationRural to Urban Migration


There are various ways to organise the rural to urban migration essay. You could for example have each body paragraph with a reason and then state why this is a pro or a con, or if it could be both. 

  • Reason 1 - Pro / Con
  • Reason 2 - Pro / Con

Or you could simply discuss the reasons then go on to discuss the pros and/or cons later in the essay.

  • Reason 1 & 2 (& 3)
  • Pros / Cons

Now look at the model answer. Which organisation does it follow?

IELTS Rural to Urban Migration Essay

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In many countries, young people are leaving their homes in rural areas to study or work in cities.

What do you think are the reasons for this? 

Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer

In many countries around the world, the divide between rural and urban communities has been increasing in recent years. Young people seeking opportunities and change are making the move from their rural homes into the big cities with the promise of increased career prospects, greater financial freedom, and a new lifestyle, and these advantages often outweigh the drawbacks.

One reason for young people leaving is that the business and career opportunities offered in cities is appealing. Rural communities often have limited prospects for young people who dream of more than the relatively simple life of farming and small-town businesses. Regarding study, cities will sometimes have more educational opportunities, with schools and universities perhaps having better resources and advanced technology to learn from. Having grown up in a smaller, rural community for their entire lives, many young people view the move to big cities more as an opportunity to change their social life, rather than their financial future, with the city offering more opportunities for entertainment and to meet people from different walks of life.

However, there can be disadvantages of such moves. Unfortunately, in many instances, the promised opportunities do not come to fruition as the markets are highly competitive, and jobs are still limited even in a large city. Sadly the change in values can also be difficult for them to adjust to, and often young people end up in further financial trouble and ultimately have to go back to their rural homes. In some cases, they are unable to create the life they dreamed of and sometimes live more difficult, more isolated lives in the big city while chasing their dreams.

While there are potential pitfalls of migrating for these young people, overall the benefits that can be gained from taking the risk in terms of a better future outweigh these. Ultimately it is up to each person carefully to weigh up which is the best option for them before making any decision.

(326 Words)


This rural to urban migration essay addresses the task well as the body paragraphs give sufficient details to explain the reasons for moving and the pros and cons of this. 

It means the essay stretches to 326 words - you should reduce the ideas in the body paragraphs to perhaps two in each if you are a weaker writer and you are unable to write an essay this long. The introduction could also be made shorter to save time. 

Quality is more important than quantity, so there is no point writing as much as possible if this will affect your coherence and cohesion, and perhaps your grammatical accuracy. 

The rural to urban migration essay is organised clearly, with the reasons discussed first but then possible drawbacks next. The conclusion then clearly states the writers view on the topic. 

More Causes/Pros & Cons Essays:

Join IELTS buddy for Free IELTS Tips!


Any comments or questions about this page or about IELTS? Post them here. Your email will not be published or shared.

Band 7+ eBooks

"I think these eBooks are FANTASTIC!!! I know that's not academic language, but it's the truth!"

Linda, from Italy, Scored Band 7.5

ielts buddy ebooks