Here you will find an IELTS family size essay and some advice on how to answer this question.
You should always analyze the question carefully to see if the topic is narrowed down to a particular group of people or place.
Take a look at the question below.
In this case, the question says "As countries have developed...".
This tells you that you need to write about decreasing family sizes in relation to countries that are developing. If you start writing about family size generally with no mention of this then you will not be fully answering the question.
The prompt is very clear, but it is still common for candidates to miss one part. There are two parts that need to be answered:
Again, you must make sure you explain how it is affecting society, not just the family itself.
Family Size Essay - Model Answer
Many countries around the world are becoming richer as they develop and at the same time these countries are seeing a reduction in the size of the family unit. This essay will discuss the reasons for this phenomenon and examine some of the possible effects it will have on society.
One of the principal reasons for smaller family units is birth control. As a country develops and becomes richer, birth control becomes more readily available. This may be due to a rise in the number of medical clinics or the distribution of free contraception. The result of this is that people can choose family size. Another important factor is the rise in the levels of education that occur as a country develops, which means that women are more educated and more likely to be working. Consequently, many will want to delay having children and so will likely have fewer in the long-term.
This can impact on society in a number of ways. One positive effect is that the population will fall, which will likely result in less poverty as there will be less competition for scarce resources. The parents can also provide a better education to their children as it will cost less, which will benefit society as a whole. A possible negative impact is that there will be fewer younger people in the workforce in the future, thus making the sustainability of future economic growth less certain.
In conclusion, family size has fallen due to birth control and education, and this can have positive and negative impacts on society. Regardless of any impacts, this trend is likely to continue as countries around the world develop and become wealthier.
The family size essay is well-organized - the first sentence of the introduction introduces the topic and this is followed by the thesis which clearly states the issues that will be addressed:
Each paragraph then addresses one of these parts in turn.
The first sentences clearly illustrate the topic of each paragraph:
The conclusion then repeats the thesis
The family size essay is well signposted with linking words and phrases to lead the reader through the ideas, giving reasons and results. For example, from body paragraph one:
All of the content clearly answers the question and the ideas are properly explained so there is no ambiguity.
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