This lesson shows you transitional phrases for essays in order to help you present other people’s arguments in your IELTS writing essays for part 2.
This lesson is aimed more at those who are wanting a band 7 or higher as this page will show you a more sophisticated way of presenting arguments.
When you write an argumentative essay, it is likely that you will want to present two sides of an argument.
Take a look at this paragraph from an essay (which was recently posted as a model essay on this site) which is in answer to this question:
The person is presenting the side of the argument about why education should not be free:
The paragraph is fine but it does look like the opinions being presented are the writers own views.
What if you want to make it clear that they are not your opinions, but those of someone else because you intend to disagree with it in your next paragraph or because you don't want to make it clear which side of the argument you agree with until the end?
The paragraph has now got some transitional phrases for essays in red / bold that make it clear that they are not your arguments, but another person's:
The last point “Last but not least, in many countries…” has not been changed, but this would be overdoing it. It is clear by this point that all the arguments the writer is presenting are other people’s.
In your next paragraph, you may then want to present your arguments. So you may begin your paragraph with something like:
Alternatively, you may want to present another paragraph with other people's ideas, that shows the opposite side of the argument. So your second paragraph may begin:
And then you would let the reader know in your conclusion your position on the matter.
Here are some examples of transitional phrases for essays that can be used:
These are just some examples. There will be some other ways.
I suggested these as band 7 and above as it is a more difficult skill to place them in your essay.
They can't just be stuck in front of an idea and used like a transition such as "Firstly,..." in the hope of getting a band 7!
They create a certain register or tone that you are writing with so you need to make sure the rest of your essay fits with this style.
Check out the transitional phrases for essays in this model essay: Animal Rights Essay
This essay follows the pattern of presenting the first body paragraph as someone elses opinions, and the second body paragraph as your own.
Also, take a look at the full essay from the lesson presented on this page: Free University Education
Writing Task 2 Lessons:
How to Write an IELTS Essay
Style & Tone: