In Writing Task 2 Lesson 4, we looked at improving your coherency with trasition words.
Another way to improve your coherency is with pronouns. You should make use of these so that you do not keep repeating nouns or ideas.
You can use personal pronouns:
I, you, he, she, it, we, they, one, them
Batteries are not bio-degradable, so people should not dispose of them in normal household waste.
Or demonstrative pronouns:
this, that, these, those
People dispose of batteries in their normal household waste. This causes environmental damage.
Pronouns refer back to a noun or noun phrase that you have mentioned before. Always make sure it is clear which noun it refers back to. It will usually be the last one you mentioned.
If another noun comes in between the noun you are referring to and the pronoun it may get confusing.
Have a look at how they are used in this essay taken from the 'model essay' pages.
The word in red is the pronoun, and the word in brackets in green is the word or idea / phrase it refers to.
You will have noticed that two words were in blue. This is just to highlight an important point.
You should not just mention the noun once at the beginning of the essay, and then not again. Get a balance of nouns and their pronouns, not too much of one or the other.
Have a look at the essay and you'll see that sometimes the noun is used and sometimes the pronoun.
And you should always mention the noun again when it is a new paragraph or a new point you are making.
As you can see with the words highlighted in blue - nouns should be used here as they represent a new paragraph and new points. If you used pronouns it may not be clear which noun you are referring to.
Now practice with the paragraph below - choose the correct pronoun.
Home › IELTS Lessons › Pronouns
How to Write an IELTS Essay
Brainstorming and Planning an Essay
Writing an IELTS Essay Introduction
Writing a Thesis Statement
How to get an IELTS Writing band 7
Improving Essay Coherency with Pronouns
Writing an IELTS Essay Conclusion
Transitional Phrases for Essays
Good Paragraph Writing
How to write Problem Solution Essays
Understanding IELTS Opinion Essays
A more complex essay question
Personal Pronouns in Essays
Advantage Disadvantage Essay