Whether to use personal pronouns in essays for IELTS is a question that comes up often with students studying for the test.
Personal pronouns are words such as "I", "you", "we" and "they".
You can also watch this lesson in a video if you prefer:
Some people believe that these words should not be used in IELTS essays because IELTS essays are 'academic' and it is not usually advised to use such personal words in academic writing.
This is true, but IELTS is not the same as writing an essay at university or writing a research article for a journal.
When you write an essay at university, you will have books and journals that you will refer to and you will need to use citations and references. In an IELTS essays you don't have any of these sources - you only have your own experience (and 40 minutes!).
And as the rubric states in every question, you are expected to make use of this experience and knowledge:
It would not be written in this way if you were forbidden to use personal pronouns in essays for IELTS. So you may wish to give an example from your own country, or even your own personal experience if it is relevant.
Also, some of the tasks asking for your opinion are personal:
So although an IELTS essay does need to be in an academic style, it is not quite the same as your average piece of academic writing and it can be more personal with the use of personal pronouns.
So it is ok to use personal pronouns in essays for IELTS, but you should not overdo it. If you start using them all the way through, your essay will be in danger of losing its academic style.
But using them a few times when needed is not a problem. For example, you may want to use them in the thesis statement in the introduction to give your opinion:
Another advantage of using personal pronouns in essays for IELTS is that it makes your opinion very clear.
The examiner will expect to be able to clearly see what your opinion is (in opinion essays). There is a possibility that if you use impersonal language the examiner will not realise it is your opinion.
This is not to say you have to use personal pronouns as you certainly don't, but if you are a lower level writer it makes it very clear what your opinion is so there are no misunderstandings.
Look at this example conclusion - it is very clear what the writer's position is and there will be no misunderstanding:
Again, as explained above, you may wish to use personal pronouns in essays for IELTS as you are told you can give examples from your own experience and you are asked for your opinion. A few times is ok, but don't use them too much as your essay may start to look too informal.
Take a look at this example essay where personal pronouns have been used effectively and they do not detract from the style of the essay or the answer:
You will likely not use personal pronouns in essays for IELTS to this extent as this question is particularly suitable for it more than some others, but it shows you that it is not necessarily a problem.
This is a good essay and it would not lose marks because of the use of personal pronouns.
Certainly make use of them in opinion essays in your introduction and / or conclusion as this will make your opinion very clear.
You are less likely to use them in your body paragraphs, but it is not wrong to do so.
As you saw in the essay above, using personal pronouns did not detract from the style of the essay. You may also have a particularly good example from your experience that means you need to use a personal pronoun.
Any comments or questions about this page or about IELTS? Post them here. Your email will not be published or shared.
"I think these eBooks are FANTASTIC!!! I know that's not academic language, but it's the truth!"
Linda, from Italy, Scored Band 7.5