Choosing between the gerund and infinitive when they are the object of the sentence can cause a lot of difficulties for students of English.
If they are the object of the sentence, that means they come after the verb.
As you will remember from those lessons, some verbs can only be followed by the gerund (not the infinitive) and some verbs can only be followed by the infinitive (not the gerund).
Here are some examples but go to the gerund and infinitive lessons for more examples:
Examples of verbs that are followed by a gerund
Examples of verbs that are followed by an infinitive
I kept phoning the office.
We appreciate hearing from you.
He denies taking the phone.
They avoid debating the subject.
They agreed to sign it.
He expected to lose.
She managed to get a promotion.
We pretended to laugh.
However, in some cases you can use either the gerund or the infinitive. Here are some common verbs that can be followed by either:
|attempt||I attempted to wake up early.|
|I attempted waking up early.|
|begin||I usually begin to feel tired at 10pm|
|I usually begin feeling tired at 10pm|
|cease||The government ceased to talk about the war.|
|The government ceased talking about the war.|
|continue||The police continued to harrass him.|
|The police continued harrassing him.|
|hate||I hate to go to work.|
|I hate going to work.|
|like||Most people like to travel abroad.|
|Most people like traveling abroad.|
|love||They love to eat at nice restaurants.|
|They love eating at nice restaurants.|
|prefer||The electorate prefers to vote in September.|
|The electorate prefers voting in September.|
|propose||I propose to delay the company merger until next year.|
|I propose delaying the company merger until next year.|
|start||I will start to study next week.|
|I will start studying next week.|
|try||The children tried to reduce their intake of sugar.|
|The children tried reducing their intake of sugar.|
Go to these gerund and infinitive exercises to have a practice.
Home › IELTS Grammar › Gerund & Infinitive
Ask a Grammar Question in the Grammar Forum