This lesson will provide you with tips and advice on how to write an IELTS pie chart for task 1.
To begin, take a look at the pie chart below, and then answer the quiz questions.
Now take a look at a model answer:
These will usually be the largest ones. As you can see in the model answer, definite job, looking for work, and formal study were all written about first, in order of importance, as these are the main reasons that were chosen for moving.
Items such as ‘other’ are usually less important and account for small amounts, so can be left till the end.
When you write a task 1, you should always group information in a logical way to make it easy to follow and read.
With an IELTS pie chart, the most logical thing to do is usually to compare categories together across the charts, focusing on similarities and differences, rather than writing about each chart separately.
If you write about each one separately, the person reading it will have to keep looking between the paragraphs in order to see how each category differs.
As with any task 1, this is important. You should not keep repeating the same structures. The key language when you write about pie charts is proportions and percentages.
Common phrases to see are "the proportion of…" or "the percentage of…"
However, you can also use other words and fractions. These are some examples from the model answer:
This table presents some examples of how you can change percentages to fractions or ratios:
|70%||seven in ten|
|55%||more than half|
|45%||more than two fifths|
|35%||more than a third|
|30%||less than a third|
|15%||less than a fifth|
|10%||one in ten|
|5%||one in twenty|
You can improve your flexibility in using these words or test your knowledge of them in this percentage and proportions quiz.
If the percentages are not exact as above, then you can use qualifiers to make sure your description remains accurate. Here are some examples:
|77%||just over three quarters|
|77%||approximately three quarters|
|49%||just under a half|
|49%||nearly a half|
|32%||almost a third|
This table presents some examples of how you can change percentages to other phrases:
|Percentage||proportion / number / amount / majority / minority|
|75% - 85%||a very large majority|
|65% - 75%||a significant proportion|
|10% - 15%||a minority|
|5%||a very small number|
The words above are interchangeable, though number is for countable nouns and amount is for uncountable nouns.
You can practice or test yourself with the language used to approximate figures in this online quiz.
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